Pointers in C Programming

Today I won’t acquaint you with any development highlight of capacity. Prior to continuing further to our next instructional exercise about call by value and call by reference,

it is obligatory to gain proficiency with the essential idea of pointers. It is utilized in the development highlight of capacity that is call by reference.

The pointer is one of the most troublesome ideas in C programming. So I prescribe you to peruse this instructional exercise with fixation.

In this instructional exercise, I will just give you an essential outline of pointers.

What are Pointers in C?

In the main instructional exercise I disclosed to you how esteems are put away in C. I revealed to you that each factor has a location.

So a pointer is variable which stores the address of another variable. Keep in mind here address term is very significant. Pointers can just store locations of another variable.

int x=10, y=20;

printf(“%u %u”, &x, &y);

Here %u is an organization specifier. It represents unsigned, so it will just show positive qualities.

You will get a yield of the above program like beneath.

605893 605897

Well, these are the addresses of the variable x and y. Here and is the “address of” administrator. It is utilized to take the compiler to the location of factors. Address of any factor can’t be negative.

This is the explanation we have utilized %u group specifier to print the location of factors on the screen.

the esteem at address (*) Operator

This is the subsequent administrator utilized for pointers. It is utilized to get to the worth present at some location. What’s more, it is utilized to proclaim a pointer.

Note: Pointer esteems and whole number qualities are altogether unique. We can’t store any address in number variable. To store the address of any factor we need to pronounce one variable as a pointer.

Assertion and instatement of pointers

int x=10;

int *y;/Declaration of Pointer variable

y=&x;/Storing address of x variable in y pointer variable

Use of pointers

int a=3;

int *b;


printf(“Value at address %u is %d”, b, *b);

The yield of above code will be something like given underneath.

Incentive at address 605764 is 3


In the principal articulation, I have pronounced the whole number variable I and put away the worth 3 in it.

In the second explanation, I have proclaimed b variable as a pointer by utilizing (*) administrator. Keep in mind that it can store just the location of whole number sort variable.

After that, I have put away the address of variable an in pointer variable b.

Presently in printf() work I have printed the location inside b pointer and incentive at an address inside pointer variable b.

Note: In our program pointer variable b contains the location of number variable a. To store the address of buoy, singe or some other kind variable, we need to announce a pointer of that type.

To all the more likely comprehend the idea of pointers I would prescribe you to run the beneath program at home and attempt to make sense of the outcome by your own.

void main()
 int a=6,b=12;
 int *x,*y;
 printf("%d t %d n",a,b);
 printf("%u t %u n",&a,&b);
 printf("%u t %u n",x,y);
 printf("%d t %d n",*x,*y);
 printf("%d t %d",*(&a),*(&b));


6        12
65524    65522
65524    65522
6        12
6        12

Anticipate the yield of the above program first and run it to check its aftereffects. Remark beneath in the event that you discover any trouble in understanding this program.

As I said before the idea of the pointer is necessary before learning the theme call by reference. I expectation till now you should have a decent grasp on fundamental ideas of pointer.

So in the following instructional exercise, I will give you an instructional exercise accessible if the need arises by worth and call by reference highlight of capacities.

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