SQL INDEX – To speedup data retrieval operations

Right now, we will know what is SQL INDEX, how to make and use INDEX in SQL? How it accelerates the information recovery?

Records are UNIQUE structures, which are made to accelerate information recovery procedure on a database table. Records accelerate the questioning procedure by giving quick access to the lines of a table, it is like a book’s file which gives us direct access to any substance inside the book.


  • UNIQUE – characterizes list as an exceptional limitation. It doesn’t permit any copy values
  • Index_name – Name of the list table
  • Table_name – Name of the base table
  • Sections – Name of segments

There are two sorts of designs in SQL

1. Clustered

In grouped design list values are put away in an arranged way for example either in climbing or sliding request.

Just one bunched list can be made per table.

Grouped files are put away genuinely on the table, that’s the reason access to them is quicker for example Information recovery is quicker contrast with non-grouped records.

2. Non-clustered

Information is available in the self-assertive request, don’t influence the physical request, make an intelligent request and use pointers to physical information documents for example Information lines are spread all through the table paying little mind to the value of the ordered column. We can make more than one non-grouped list per table.

Non-bunched lists are put away independently from the table. Access to them is slower yet update and inclusion activities are quicker on them as a contrast with the grouped file.

Test table,

SQL INDEX - To speedup data retrieval operations

Kinds of Indexes

1. Composite Index

A file that contains more than one segments. It very well may be bunched or non-grouped.


CREATE INDEX UniqueId ON Student(Enroll_No, DOB);


Index created

2. Unique Index

Unique file guarantees the uniqueness in each value in the filed segment.


CREATE UNIQUE INDEX EnrollmentNo ON Student(Enroll_No );


Index created

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